The positive data comes after it emerged the Bank of England had upgraded its growth forecast for the third quarter from 0.5% to 0.7%.
Latest CBI figures show 28% of firms reported total order books above normal in September and 19% said they were below. The positive balance of 9% was the highest since August 2007.
This included a 6% positive balance for export orders, reversing a negative in figures last month.
The Industrial Trends Survey of 398 firms found output growth rose again, to a balance of 18% - the highest level since August 2011.
A positive balance of 33% of firms expected to raise output in the next three months.
Stephen Gifford, CBI director of economics, said: "This month's results show the manufacturing recovery continues to gather pace."