Finance Secretary John Swinney said they were one of a number of "positive figures" which showed the "significant economic progress" that was being made.
But the growth in the industry was not as strong as it has been across the UK as a whole.
The volume of sales north of the border grew by 1.1% over the period July to September, and was 2% higher than the same time last year, according to the latest Retail Sales Index for Scotland.
But across the UK the volume of sales rose by 1.6% over the quarter, to a level 2.7% higher than 12 months ago.
In Scotland the value of sales rose by 1.2% in the third quarter of 2013, with this 3.3% higher than the previous year.
Across the UK as a whole the value of sales in the third quarter was 1.8% up, and was 4.2% higher than the same period in 2012.
Mr Swinney said: "We welcome today's Retail Sales Index statistics, these show that retail sales performance have continued to grow over the past year.
"The volume of retail sales grew by 1.1% in the third quarter of 2013 and by 2% over the last year."
He added: "These figures follow on from recent GDP and labour market statistics, which show employment in Scotland is at its highest level since the summer of 2008 and a continued growth in the economy and new figures also showing a growth in the number of new businesses.
"These positive figures highlight the significant economic progress being made in Scotland.
"This continued growth in Scotland's economy is helping to create more jobs and opportunities for the people of Scotland.
"By continuing to invest in businesses we can help build sustainable economic growth for Scotland and highlight the country's position as a place of international trade and investment."