Official name: Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
Population: 54 million.
Size: 262,000 square miles; three times the size of the UK.
Capital: Nay Pyi Taw.
Largest city: Rangoon.
1948: Gained independence from Britain.
1962 to 2011: Military junta.
1990: Aung San Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) won landslide victory in election but was not allowed to govern.
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