A council's opposition to three Highland wind farms has led to calls for a national planning policy.
The Mountaineering Council of Scotland (MCoS) issued the plea, which was supported by a Tory MSP.
Highland Council used delegated powers to reject an application from Falck Renewables for 17 turbines, 416ft high, on Clach Liath, in the Ben Wyvis massif near Dingwall.
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The council objected to two developments – the 34- turbine Glenmorie wind farm on the Kildermorie and Glencalvie estates to the west of Ardgay and Bonar Bridge; and the 27- turbine Dalnessie wind farm, seven miles north of Lairg. These two Sutherland proposals will be decided by ministers.
David Gibson, the MCoS chief officer, said: "Scotland needs a national renewables spatial planning policy to decide what can be built where.
"This would stop unsuitable, speculative planning applications."
Conservative Murdo Fraser, convener of the Scottish Parliament's Energy Committee, said: "It's absolutely essential the Scottish Government introduces a series of measures to stop this influx of planning applications."
A Scottish Government spokeswoman said it would launch a planning policy consultation this spring.