Philip Hammond has been urged to conduct an urgent review of UK alcohol tax as he was accused of targeting Scotch whisky in a Budget "money grab".
An increase on excise duty on spirits worth 3.9% has already been described as a "major blow" by the Scotch whisky industry.
SNP MP Martin Docherty-Hughes urged the Chancellor to ensure the industry is given the support it needs to succeed as he backed calls from the Scotch Whisky Association (SWA) for a complete review of the alcohol duty system.
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Mr Docherty-Hughes, who sits on the All Party Parliamentary Group for Scotch Whisky, highlighted the concerns of distilleries in Scotland as he took part in the final day of debate on the Budget in the Commons.
The MP for West Dunbartonshire said: "This money grab has been described by Loch Lomond distillery as a spectacularly poor decision by the Chancellor of the Exchequer and by the Scottish Whisky Association as a major blow to the industry, which will undermine the progress that the industry has made in recent years.
"Therefore, I would urge the Chancellor to use the opportunity to carry out an urgent review of the UK's alcohol taxation system to give this industry, as described by the Prime Minister only a week ago, a week and a half a go, as truly Scottish and British and the world's pre-eminent spirit, the support it requires to remain competitive in this vitally important global market."