Experts had believed that the land - compressed in the last ice age - was rising faster than the sea, but recent studies call this into question.
Glasgow scientists will use satellite imaging to test more recent theories that the sea level is rising faster than the Earth's crust.
Project leader Professor Paul Bishop, of Glasgow University's geographical and earth sciences department, said: "This new study is looking to update this situation more accurately than ever before.
"The safety net against sea-level rise that has been provided by land uplift may be disappearing, with important implications for the medium and long-term futures of Scotland's coastal areas and industries."
During the last ice age Scotland, like much of northern Europe, was covered with ice.
The weight of this huge compacted ice sheet pushed the Earth's crust down, causing the land to sink. Over the 14,000 years since the ice sheet melted, Scotland has been rising at an average rate of 1-2mm per year.
The scientists will use satellite imaging technology known as Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) to measure the rate of uplift across Scotland, using repeat-pass satellites to track changes in the Earth's surface that may otherwise go unnoticed.