This is despite similar numbers of men and women being diagnosed with the disease every year in the UK.
Cancer Research UK data shows 3.4 men per 100,000 die from malignant melanoma compared with two per 100,000 women.
This means that of the 6200 men who develop melanoma each year, 1300 die from the disease, compared with 900 of the 6600 women.
The likelihood of getting the disease is similar between the sexes, with 17.2 men per 100,000 diagnosed compared with 17.3 women.
Since the early 1970s, death rates in men have increased by 185% compared to 55% in women, the charity said.
The charity predicts death rates will continue to rise in men while remaining stable in women.
Professor Julia Newton-Bishop, Cancer Research UK dermatologist based at the University of Leeds, said: "Research has suggested the difference between the sexes could be in part because men are more likely to be diagnosed when melanoma is at a more advanced stage.
"But there also seem to be strong biological reasons behind the differences and we're working on research to better understand why men and women's bodies deal with their melanomas in different ways."
A total of 1202 people in Scotland were diagnosed with malignant melanoma in 2011, according to the latest figures from ISD Scotland. It included 573 men and 629 women.
Sara Hiom, director of early diagnosis at Cancer Research UK, said key risk factors for melanoma include excessive exposure to UV rays from the sun or sunbeds, a pale skin colour and high number of moles, and a family or personal history of the disease.