Poet Elizabeth Melville, Lady Culross, published Ane Godlie Dreame in 1603 and wrote more than 4,000 lines of verse in Scots.
She was commemorated yesterday with a flagstone inscribed with two lines of her writing at Makars' Court in Edinburgh. It reads: "Though tyrants threat, though Lyons rage and rore, Defy them all, and feare not to win out."
Greer said: "Elizabeth Melville embodies much of what is special about Scotland. She was a married woman who is known to history by her maiden name, as was the Scottish practice; she wrote in English but hers is English as it is spoken by Scots; her faith was the Scottish version of Calvinism. She was European rather than insular."
Dr Jamie Reid-Baxter, honorary research fellow at the University of Glasgow, said: "Elizabeth Melville is a great poet, but she would be worth celebrating simply for her courage in going into print in 1603, at a time when women were regularly garrotted and burnt as witches."