The town of Arras formed one major section of the movement and served as the focal point for the British advance. On the first day of the offensive, the 9th Scottish Division took the town of Athies, which sits to the north-east of Arras.
However, despite such early gains, the German military recovered and slowed the British to a standstill.
And, following five weeks of fighting, the battle fell into stalemate. The offensive is considered a tactical victory but all notions of success were off-set by the massive casualties suffered by the British.
In total, it is estimated that 158,660 British servicemen lost their lives in the Battle of Arras.
There remains over 150 British Cemeteries around the town of Arras.