The Glasgow-born artist began her career as a sculptor and is best known for her powerful 'sound sculpture' installations.
After receiving the OBE from Prince Charles, she said: "I now live in Berlin and am not here very often so it's nice to be recognised by the place I'm from."
The artist, who won the 2010 Turner Prize for a sound installation that featured her singing three versions of a Scottish lament, went on to describe a new project, saying: "I have an exhibition on the entire west coastline of Scandinavia, it's a radio transmitted project.
"The idea is I'm able to transmit these sounds to these remote parts where you wouldn't normally hear things from, so you're hearing them from a distance."
Also recognised was Actress Lynda Bellingham, who received an OBE. The celebrity, best known for her long-running role in the Oxo TV adverts, was diagnosed with cancer last year.
She declared she was still living life to the full and "giving it some welly" despite battling the disease.
The 65-year-old said: "It's been well documented I'm dealing with cancer and having chemotherapy so unfortunately my acting career is on hold - in the sense that I need to pay attention to the chemotherapy really, but hopefully eventually one will get back into it."
She added: "I'm having treatment it's all going swimmingly, but it obviously becomes part of your life and you have to deal with it, so that's what I'm doing. I've got lots to be doing, lots of charity work. I only mention the cancer because you have to get into a routine with that and work your life around that."