In 1958, champion swimmer Ian Black won the award after winning three gold medals at the European Championships and another three medals at the Commonwealth Games, including one gold.
Sir Jackie Stewart was given the award in 1973, after his final season in Formula One.
The Flying Scot won Three World Driver's Championships during his career, in 1969, 1971 and 1973. In 1991, the likes of Will Carling and Gary Lineker were edged out by Scotland's 10,000m world champion Liz McColgan MBE. She won her second Commonwealth Games gold medal in 1990, after narrowly missing out on Olympic gold at Seoul 1988.
Scotland's most successful Olympian, Sir Chris Hoy, won in 2008 after his triple gold medal haul at the 2008 Olympics.
At London 2012, he added another two golds to his tally, making him the most decorated Olympic cyclist of all time.