The retired fisherman with the Shanty singers The Fisherman's Friends is one of the 10 vocalists on One And All, the second album from the Cornish band.
Mr Rowe, whose band was spotted by a record company executive in their home village of Port Isaac, Cornwall, said: "I am delighted to be part of the success of The Fisherman's Friends and thrilled that people want to hear these songs. I retired as a fisherman in the late 1980s and settled into the quiet life.
"But singing with the guys keeps me young and I look forward to celebrating my 80th birthday with the guys next month."
Their eponymous debut record sold more than 150,000 copies on their way to becoming the fastest-selling traditional folk act ever.
A series of high-profile appearances followed, as well as a slot on the Pyramid stage at Glastonbury in 2011.
Doris Day holds the title as the oldest solo artist to enter the UK album charts with an album of new material at the age of 89.