The man, from the east Highlands of Scotland, has been charged after police inquiries into reports of abuse at Fort Augustus Abbey in the Highlands.
A report has been submitted to the Crown Office and procurator fiscal.
Fort Augustus is one of two Catholic boarding schools in Scotland being investigated over allegations of historic sexual abuse.
More than 20 people have come forward to say they were victims of physical and sexual abuse at Fort Augustus and Carlekemp, its feeder school in East Lothian, from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Both schools are now closed.
One of Scotland's most senior Catholics, the Bishop of Aberdeen, Hugh Gilbert, apologised to former pupils during mass at Fort Augustus church last month.
Leading experts and a child abuse victim praised the declaration by Hugh Gilbert, the Bishop of Aberdeen, that the allegations surrounding Fort Augustus Abbey in the Highlands had shamed the church.
The Benedictine order that ran the schools, had already apologised, but Bishop Gilbert's address last month was the first time a senior cleric had spoken publicly about abuse at the abbey school, which closed in 1998.
During mass at a church near the school, which shut in the 1990s, he said: "It is a most bitter, shaming and distressing thing that in this former Abbey School a small number of baptised, consecrated and ordained Christian men physically or sexually abused those in their care."
The Bishop said that he was "anxious that there be a thorough police investigation and that all that can be done should be done for the victims".
He said he wanted to be with parishioners in Fort Augustus in the wake of the allegations.
He added: "All of us must surely pray for those who have suffered.
"We are truly distressed to have learned that these things have happened and I want to articulate that for the parishioners there.
"Some of the older ones will remember that community and many of them will have positive memories of it and the work of the monks, but sadly there appear to have been these terrible breaches of right conduct."
Alleged victims who attended the school told a BBC Scotland programme they were molested and beaten by monks over a period of three decades from the 1950s.
Five men claimed they were raped or sexually abused by Father Aidan Duggan, an Australian Benedictine monk who taught at Fort Augustus and Carlekemp, a feeder school in East Lothian, between 1953 and 1974.
Fr Duggan died in 2004 but some of the allegations relate to men who are still alive, and Police Scotland has launched an investigation.
The documentary also contained allegations that the abbey was used as a "dumping ground" for problem clergy who had confessed to abusing children.
The school was run by Catholic Benedictine monks and the Rt Rev Dom Richard Yeo, abbot president of the English Benedictine Congregation, has apologised for "any abuse that may have been committed at Fort Augustus".