Four other people were injured when the lorry overturned on to a number of cars on the A801 one mile north of Boghead Roundabout, Bathgate, West Lothian, at around 8.10am.
The lorry driver died at the scene while the four injured people were treated for minor injuries, police said. The A801 was closed southbound at the Heatherfield Roundabout and officers appealed for witnesses.
A truck was also blown on to its side on the edge of the Friarton Bridge over the River Tay on the M90 near Perth.
Transport Scotland escalated its travel warning to stage four red, advising people to avoid travelling, particularly in high-sided vehicles.
Closures, fallen trees, minor accidents and incidents of flash flooding are affecting the road network in the south, west, central and Perthshire areas.
Glasgow Central Stationwas evacuated for five hours after the building's glass roof was damaged by debris. Network Rail has now confirmed that the station has re-opened to the public. There were no reports of any injuries.
Residents of the adjoining Central Hotel were also evacuated. Hundreds stood outside in their nightwear while emergency services dealt with the incident.
Network Rail confirmed that part of the roof of Port Glasgow station has been blown on to the railway line.
Scottish Fire and Rescue said they were dealing with a rush of incidents involving falling masonry, trees blown down, and other issues.
The fire service in the east of Scotland said it had dealt with 63 incidents between 7am and 10am. These included five road accidents, two reports of trees falling on vehicles and 12 relating to dangerous structures such as falling chimneys and slates.
Motorists in the Lothians, Edinburgh, Borders, Fife and Forth Valley have been warned not to drive until the high winds subside.
The roof of JJB Sports at Straiton Retail Park near Edinburgh has also been blown off in the high winds.
It has been reported that a man has been injured after his 4x4 was struck by a falling tree on the A82 in Arrochar. It is also understood that a man and a woman have been taken to Hairmyres Hospital after a tree fell on a taxi in Bothwell Road, Hamilton.
Scottish Hydro Electric said up to 80,000 homes are without power across the north of Scotland. The worst affected areas are in the Highlands, Tayside and Argyll, with road blockages affecting work to restore the supply.
The number of properties affected is expected to rise during the day as winds move across from west to east, the company said.
It has mobilised 1,000 engineers and support staff and expects the majority of supplies to be restored later today.
A further 20,000 properties have been cut off in central and southern Scotland, Scottish Power said.
In Lanarkshire more than 7,000 homes are affected, in Ayrshire over 3,000 and in the Lothians more than 3,000.
Uprooted trees and other debris have been blown on to overhead power lines, causing damage and bringing down the lines in some areas.
The company said around 500 staff are working to fix the faults, including extra engineers drafted in from England.
Hundreds of homes in Norfolk and Essex are being evacuated after officials warned that the lives of people in the region could be at risk from the worst coastal tidal surge for over 60 years.