All Stars nursery in Aberdeen was granted permission to continue trading after winning an appeal against a government childcare watchdog this year.
The Care Inspectorate wanted to cancel the Woodside nursery's registration.
Children at the nursery had been force fed and had been given out-of-date food.
Judges at the Supreme Court gave the nursery a second chance in February.
But care inspectors uncovered a further string of failings during routine inspections in July and the nursery has now been given until the end of this month to carry out improvements.
Inspectors findings included young children having access to packed nappy bins, dirty high chairs and baby walkers were discovered with food stuck to them and there was no handwash in the kitchen.
The nursery was visited twice in July and was graded at two, which is referred to as "weak" - out of a possible six.
A Care Inspectorate spokesman said the body was still pursuing legal action against the nursery.