According to the Higher Education Statistics Agency (Hesa) just 2.5% of Scottish graduates were unemployed three years after finishing their studies, compared to a UK average of 3.3%.
Scottish graduates also enjoy average salaries of £26,000, compared to a United Kingdom average of £25,500.
The figures also show 78% of those who studied in Scotland stay in this country after completing their studies. Some 20% go to England, with the majority of these working in London and the south-east.
English universities have a much higher proportion of their graduates staying in England after completing their studies, but that reflects the number of graduate jobs available south of the Border.
Universities Scotland, which represents principals, said the figures highlighted the strength of Scottish higher education.
Director Alastair Sim said: "These are graduates who entered the labour market in the toughest of economic circumstances at the height of the credit crunch, so this is a welcome achievement demonstrating the resilience of Scottish graduates and their appeal to employers.
"An interesting finding from the figures is the high proportion of graduates from Scotland's universities that stay to live and work in Scotland compared to other regions.
"Scotland has the second highest regional retention rate after Northern Ireland which means Scotland gets a high rate of return on the university students it educates."