The Energy and Climate Change Committee said other smaller energy suppliers will also appear before Parliament on October 29.
Three of the Big Six have announced price rises in recent weeks - 8.2% by SSE, 10.4% for electricity and 8.4% for gas by British Gas, and 9.3% and 11.1% respectively by Npower.
The committee said the session will explore a range of issues, including the reasons behind recent energy price rises and how the transparency of energy company profits can be improved.
It comes as a consumer report suggested the energy industry's fight to win back the trust of customers is in danger of failing.
Fewer than half (49%) of customers think they are getting value for money from their suppliers and 51% would not recommend the company they use to other people, the uSwitch.com study found.
It said E.ON was the country's favourite energy supplier, with 54% of customers satisfied they are on the best deal available, while SSE was best for customer service, winning the praise of 63% of its customers. Npower was at the bottom of the league table.