Jennifer Stirling could be struck off the nursing register following the death of Allan Wales in Barlinnie Prison on March 1, 2009.
Mr Wales, 31, of Linwood, Renfrewshire, was found dead in his cell after suffering a heart attack on the day he was due to visit the body of his three-month-old son Dylan.
A Fatal Accident Inquiry into the death ruled he could have been saved but for a catalogue of failures by the prison medical team, including Ms Stirling.
She will now face a fitness to practise hearing by the Nursing and Midwifery Council for failing to provide adequate care. The charges allege she failed to carry out an adequate assessment and failed to take and record Mr Wales's blood pressure, pulse, temperature and respiratory measurements.
She is also accused of failing to record details of his relevant family history, details of the pain he was suffering – including its duration and frequency – and also failed to arrange for Mr Wales to be seen by a doctor.
The hearing is scheduled to take place in Edinburgh on January 30.
In 2010, an inquiry at Glasgow Sheriff Court heard Mr Wales, jailed for 27 months in October 2008 for assault and robbery, submitted a self-referral form asking to see a doctor on January 26, 2009. He was then seen by Ms Stirling on January 28.
The nurse claimed she asked a doctor to have a look at the prisoner but no appointment was ever made and Mr Wales was not seen for another three weeks.
The Scottish Prison Service refused to reveal what happened to Ms Stirling after the incident, but a spokeswoman for the NHS confirmed she was not an employee with the prison when they took over healthcare provision in 2011.