Jean Dempster, a former staff nurse at Gartnavel Hospital in Glasgow, is accused of telling a co-worker her daughter had been taken into intensive care in December 2009.
She is then alleged to have claimed her daughter had died in January 2010, despite there being no record of the death.
Ms Dempster is accused of falsifying a death certificate in her daughter's name and submitting it to the hospital, along with a fake copy of a birth certificate.
Her actions are being investigated by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC), which will conduct a hearing next month.
If found guilty of dis-honesty charges she may be struck off.
The NMC allegations claim that, while working at the hospital, the nurse "stated to Ms A on or around December 4, 2009, that your daughter Ms B was in intensive care in hospital when there was no record of her being admitted".
It adds she "stated to Ms C on or around January 29 2010 that your daughter had recently died when there was no record of this".
A spokeswoman for NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde said Ms Dempster no longer works for the health board.
An NMC spokeswoman added: "There are a variety of sanctions available to us pending the outcome of the case, this includes striking off, a conditions of practice order where a person may have to be supervised when carrying out certain procedures or a suspension order."