The suggestion is made in a Scottish Government-commissioned report, Public Perceptions of Organised Crime in Scotland, based on a sample of 1001 adults.
One in four people think the issue is serious in their own neighbourhoods, while one in 10 say they have been personally affected by organised crime in the past three years. The study aims to look at public awareness of organised crime, rather than the actual extent of the problem.
It shows 72% of people associate drug dealing and trafficking with the term "organised crime", followed by money laundering, people trafficking and prostitution.
But it said the vast majority of people, 90%, had not been personally affected in the past three years.