The plans include limiting the number of adverts firms are allowed to put out per hour, the times they can advertise and forcing them to make sure interest rates are clearly displayed.
The Government will work with the Advertising Standards Authority and the industry to make sure advertising does not tempt consumers into taking out unsuitable payday loans.
It emerged as the trading watchdog prepares to publish the results of a wide-ranging probe into the industry today.
The Office of Fair Trading (OFT) has carried out spot checks of 50 major lenders and obtained information from all 240 lenders in the market.
The regulator said in its interim report last autumn that formal investigations have been launched into several firms over their debt collection methods.
Charities have reported rocketing numbers of complaints about lenders. The Money Advice Trust recently said complaints about payday loans have doubled year-on-year to reach 20,000 across 2012.
The charity warned "something is drastically wrong" with the way that expensive loans are being dished out to people who cannot afford them, with lenders often rolling over loans.
New regulator the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), which will oversee the consumer credit market from next year, has committed to prioritise tighter rules on payday lending that could begin from April 2014.
The FCA's rules will be binding and if they are broken the regulator will have tough enforcement powers including imposing unlimited fines and the ability to claw consumers' money back.
Bristol University has been looking into whether capping the cost of high-cost credit is an option. Its research found a cap on credit is not the right answer at this time, but if this were to change due to market conditions the FCA will have powers to look again at this possibility.
The Government is also planning to do more to encourage greater communication within the industry to stop consumers taking out multiple loans from different lenders.
Economic Secretary to the Treasury, Sajid Javid, said: "The Government is introducing a fundamentally new approach to regulating consumer credit, which will ensure that irresponsible firms and bad practice will have no place in the consumer credit marketplace.
"Consumers can have greater confidence that the new FCA will intervene early and decisively in their interests."
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