Leading figures in fields such as medicine, academia, business, the arts and the military have been named in the list alongside charity fundraisers and community volunteers.
Glasgow-born actor John Barrowman was awarded an MBE for his services to entertainment as well as his contribution to charity. The Torchwood star said: "I'm going to enjoy it for the rest of my life."
The 47-year-old has worked extensively on fundraising for a number of charities over the years dealing with cancer, HIV, Down's Syndrome and animal groups. He said he will be accompanied by husband Scott Gill - they married in California days after the state's ban on same-sex marriages was overturned - and his parents when he makes his trip to Buckingham Palace. .
A knighthood went to Ewan Brown, chairman of Scottish Financial Enterprise and a senior governor at St Andrews University, who is recognised for services to business, public life and philanthropy.
Edinburgh Fringe chief Kath Mainland and Colonel Robert Jefferies of the Royal Regiment of Scotland are among those whose achievements were recognised with CBEs.
Ms Mainland took over as chief executive of the Edinburgh Fringe Festival Society in 2009. Under her leadership the Fringe has continued to grow and earlier this month the festival unveiled its biggest programme with more than 3000 shows. She is appointed a CBE for her services to culture in Scotland.
Also awarded a CBE is Dr Francis Dunn, president of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Mr Dunn has been president of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow since December 2012. He is also a consultant cardiologist at Stobhill General Hospital and honorary professor at Glasgow University.
He said: "I am thrilled to have been awarded a CBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours List. I am privileged to have been associated with the people of Glasgow, the patients and staff at Stobhill Hospital, and the people of East Dunbartonshire for most of my life."
Alistair Buchan, chief executive of Orkney Islands Council, and Alistair Dodds, chief executive of Highland Council, receive CBEs for services to local government.
A total of 22 people are recipients of OBEs. Among them is Trishna Devi Pall Singh, director of Edinburgh's Sikh Sanjog, which operates the popular social enterprise cafe Punjabi Junction. She is honoured for her services to the community.
Other MBE recipients include Suzann Barr, who is recognised for services to vulnerable children in the Highlands. Jan Brown and Stephen Bunyan are similarly awarded for their voluntary service in Argyll and East Lothian respectively.
This year's list also honours two senior figures from Police Scotland. Chief Superintendent Andrew Bates and Derek Penman, assistant chief constable for local policing north, are both recipients of the Queen's Police Medal.
Lollipop woman Catherine Robertson, 76, from Airdrie, North Lanarkshire, was among around 40 people to be awarded the BEM. Mrs Robertson, who works at Victoria Primary School in Airdrie, and who has helped school children cross the road for almost 37 years, said: "I love seeing the pupils grow up and hear all their stories. I'm now helping the children of children."
Charity fundraiser Georgina Duncan, from Dumbarton, West Dunbartonshire, received the BEM for services to the Children's Hospice Scotland (Chas), which supports children and young people with life-shortening conditions.
Debbie Mooney, regional fundraising manager for Chas, said she was delighted Ms Duncan had been recognised.
She said: "It is well deserved. Georgie has supported Chas for over a decade and during that time has worked tirelessly for us. She has raised nearly £10,000, which is an incredible amount, and it has made a real difference to the hundreds of families who rely on Chas.
"We are deeply appreciative of all she has done for Chas and the children and families who use our services."