The singer, who died in 2011, achieved success with solo hits Baker Street and Right Down The Line, as well as Stuck In The Middle With You with the band Stealers Wheel.
The free exhibition will run at Paisley Museum from tomorrow until May 18, and will coincide with an eight-day music festival in the town in April celebrating Rafferty's legacy. Many of the personal artefacts exhibited include his gold discs, guitars and hand-written lyrics which have been loaned to the museum by the musician's daughter Martha.
She said: "My father's home town meant a huge deal to him and helped inspire a lot of his work, so it is fitting to be able to hold this event here in Paisley."
Also on show will be original artwork from Gerry's close friend John Byrne, who designed many of his album covers.