Unison members at Stirling Council took part in a 24-hour protest, which also hit rubbish collections.
The trade union took industrial action over wage and service cuts.
Stirling Council said staff are being asked to take a 0.5% pay cut and to work an extra hour a week, but Unison said the extra work after years of a pay freeze amounted to a greater cut.
Unison branch secretary James Douglas said: "We have been left with no option but to proceed with a strike due to the savage cuts proposed by our employer."
He said the action was a "huge success" calling the support from Unison members as "very solid".
Members of other unions also refused to cross picket lines and stayed away from work, Mr Douglas claimed.
Stirling Council's website showed two primary schools and 10 nurseries were partially closed as a result of the industrial action. Also, 13 libraries were shut due to the strike, along with a local authority recycling centre, while no waste collections were being carried out.
Mr Douglas said: "We regret disruption or inconvenience this strike may cause, but we feel we have no alternative than to take industrial action to protect our pay and conditions of service."
Green Party councillor Mark Ruskell called on council leaders to get round the table again with the union in a bid to resolve the dispute.
He said: "Stirling is setting a classic example to councils of how not to negotiate with its own workforce."
Stirling Council chief executive Bob Jack has said the changes the authority is making are "reasonable and mean all employees, bar the lowest-paid, are being asked to take a fair share of the savings required".
Last week he said: "A growing number of our employees are now accepting the new employment terms - many times more staff (including many union members) have already accepted the changes than voted in all the union ballots to reject them."