Luke Fowler, of Glasgow, is one of four artists to challenge for the £25,000 first prize with his films and still images.
Bookmakers last night said that Paul Noble, who creates large and intricate drawings of an imaginary town, which has faeces as inhabitants, is this year's favourite for the prize. However, filmmaker Elizabeth Price is the artist receiving the most bets with Spartacus Chetwynd – the first performance artist to be nominated for the annual prize – seeing her odds lengthening.
Fowler's appearance in the show, which runs from today until January 6, at Tate Britain in London, continues the remarkable success of Scottish and, in particular, Glasgow artists in the prize.
This year's winner of the often controversial award, which has a total prize pool of £40,000, will be revealed on December 3.
Fowler exhibits his nominated film, All Divided Selves 2011, an exploration of the ideas and legacy of the controversial Scottish psychiatrist RD Laing, which is an hour-and-a-half long.
He has already won a number of awards, including the Donald Dewar Prize (2004), Derek Jarman Award (2008), Contemporary Art Society Annual Award (2010) and Paul Hamlyn Award (2010).
Chetwynd, 38, who lives and works in a south London nudist colony, has choreographed two live performances, one of them featuring herself.
Price, 45, a former member of 1980s pop band Talulah Gosh, shows her film The Woolworths Choir Of 1979, which features the blaze that took place in the Manchester store.