The emergency funding will go towards efforts to try to contain the outbreak and prevent any further spread of the disease.
While there is no vaccine or cure for Ebola, rehydrating patients suffering from vomiting and diarrhoea as a result can help their recovery.
So far the disease has been reported in four countries - Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone - with 2,240 people known to have been infected and 1,229 deaths.
That makes it the largest recorded outbreak in terms of cases, deaths and geographical spread, according to the World Health Organisation.
Public health minister Michael Matheson said: "The Scottish Government is committed to aiding the global response to this devastating outbreak in west Africa.
"We know that Ebola has an extremely high fatality rate and this makes it essential to speed up and co-ordinate the response in affected communities and ensure humanitarian needs are met.
"This funding will support the mobilisation of additional resources and efforts of local teams in bringing the outbreak under control, as well as providing much-needed aid for the people affected by the outbreak."