Bockarie Sonnah got into difficulties while swimming at Torduff Reservoir in Bonaly Country Park, Edinburgh.
Emergency services were called to the scene at around 6.15pm yesterday.
The teenager played for football club Redhall Star YFC 2000s.
In a statement on its website the club said he was a "huge presence who would light up the room with his huge smile and bouncy personality".
It added: "He was a leader on and off the park and well respected by everyone at the club. His strength and football ability earned him many plaudits over the years at the club. This lad was a huge prospect in the game.
"No words can fully express our grief and dismay at what has happened, we can only pass on all our thoughts and prayers to friends, family, teammates and coaches and hope they will get some strength from the outpouring of love and support from everyone."
The teenager, from Musselburgh, had been swimming with friends when he got into difficulty.
Police Scotland's marine unit recovered his body at around 10pm yesterday.
The force said there are no suspicious circumstances surrounding his death and a report has been sent to the Procurator Fiscal.
Inspector Liz Duthie said: "Our sympathies are with Bockarie's family and friends at this very difficult time and, along with our partner agencies, we are providing them with all the necessary support they may require.
"This tragic incident demonstrates that all bodies of water can present a number of hazards that can put the public in danger.
"When swimming in streams, burns and in the sea members of the public should always be aware of their surroundings and ensure they are able to tread water safely and do not venture into areas that could prove problematic.
"It is also advised to stay in supervised and public areas so that help is at hand should you experience any difficulties."
She said that the water temperature in reservoirs is likely to remain very cold, even on warm days and in larger pools, while it can be almost impossible to determine how deep the water is.
Police warned that many of these locations have steep banks as well as hidden water intakes. These can cause a current within the water, which then makes swimming conditions far more difficult.
Ms Duthie added: "Police Scotland would urge the public to avoid swimming or other forms of water sports on reservoirs and to safely and appropriately utilise the city's public and supervised locations instead."