Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon issues the prediction today as a group begins looking at ways to attract additional finance to increase housing investment targeting pension funds and other institutions.
Backed by industry body Homes for Scotland, the team will also identify and address any barriers to attracting this source of investment. This will involve engaging with house builders, investors and potential landlords to discuss ways to enable the delivery of rented accommodation.
It is estimated that 465,000 new homes are needed by 2035 to cope with expected housing demand.
Industry leaders believe this source of investment could help expand Scotland's rented sector and deliver new high quality homes at a significant scale.
The Scottish Government is backing the initiative with up to £70,000 and participating in the steering group as a direct response to calls from the industry.
Construction Scotland and Scottish Development International are contributing an additional £20,000 to support the project.
Ms Sturgeon said: "The project will pave the way for the industry to capitalise on the opportunities to attract new sources of finance, boost the supply of housing in Scotland and support jobs.
"The Government is responding to an industry request. The potential prize, for what is relatively small amount of project funding involved, is that house builders will unlock significant levels of investment in housing for wider social and economic benefit.
"We recognise the role of the rented sector in meeting the diverse housing needs of Scottish communities and want to enable growth so we are delighted to be able to support the house building industry in this way."
Homes for Scotland chief executive Philip Hogg said: "We recognise the challenge involved but, by engaging with house builders, investors and potential landlords to discuss ways of enabling the delivery of rented accommodation, we will develop a better understanding of the hurdles that need to be overcome to bring parties from across all sectors and interests together to deliver the appropriate mix of new homes that Scotland needs.
"We would urge interested organisations to contact Homes for Scotland for information."
Anne MacColl, chief executive of Scottish Development International said: "We are very pleased to support the project. We are working with a number of potential international investors and this initiative will be pivotal in helping us achieve investment."