Texas, which executes more people than any other state in the US, said Ray Jasper Jasper died after receiving a lethal injection at its death chamber in Huntsville.
Jasper was convicted of the 1998 killing of David Alejandro, 33, who owned and operated a studio where musicians could be professionally recorded for a fee.
He and two friends recorded at the studio for about two hours and then took out knives to attack Mr Alejandro.
Jasper then covered the body with a sheet and proceeded to steal equipment from the studio.
His accomplices were sentenced to life in prison.
Jasper was the 11th person executed in the US this year and the third in Texas.
Including Jasper, Texas has executed 511 people since the US Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty in 1976, according to the Death Penalty Information Centre which monitors executions.