Juanita Moore, who has died aged 99, was a ground-breaking actress and an Academy Award nominee for her role as Lana Turner's black friend in the classic film Imitation Of Life.
Moore was only the fifth black performer to be nominated for an Oscar, receiving the nod for the glossy Douglas Sirk film that became a big hit and later gained a cult following.
The 1959 tearjerker, based on a Fannie Hurst novel and a remake of a 1934 film, tells the story of how a struggling white actress achieves stardom, her friendship with a black woman and how they team up to raise their daughters as single mothers.
It brought supporting actress nominations for both Moore and Susan Kohner, who played Moore's daughter as a young adult attempting to pass as a white woman. Kohner's own background is Czech and Mexican. By the end, Turner's character is a star and her friend is essentially a servant. The death of Moore's character sets up the sentimental ending.
Moore said the Oscar nomination was welcome but did not make it easier to find work. "The Oscar prestige was fine," she said, "but I worked more before I was nominated. Casting directors think an Oscar nominee is suddenly in another category. They couldn't possibly ask you to do one or two days' work. You wouldn't accept it. And I'm sure I would."
Born in Los Angeles, Moore got her start in show business as a chorus girl at New York's Cotton Club, then joined the Ebony theatre. She had an active stage career, starting at Los Angeles' Ebony Showcase Theatre in the early 1950s, a leading black-run theatre. She was also a member of the celebrated Cambridge Players, with other performers including Esther Rolle and Helen Martin. Her grandson is currently president and CEO of the Cambridge group.
She appeared on Broadway in 1965 in James Baldwin's play The Amen Corner and in London in a production of Raisin In The Sun.
"The creative arts put a person on another level," she said. "That's why we need to bring our youngsters into the theatre."
Her first film appearance was as a nurse in the 1949 film Pinky. As with other black actresses, many of Moore's early roles were as maids, but she said that real parts, not just in-and-out jobs, were opening up for black performers.
Among Moore's other films were The Girl Can't Help It, 'The Singing Nun, Paternity and The Kid. Her TV work included The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, Adam-12, Judging Amy and ER.
She was the widow of Charles Burris and is survived by her grandson and two nephews.