The First Minister hopes to advance a "deepening friendship" between the two countries and foster trade benefits in the region.
Salmond will discuss oil, gas and construction with Chinese delegates while also promoting Scotland's life sciences, energy industries and cultural exports. The official visit will conclude on Thursday with a speech on financial services and Scotland's place in the global economy.
Speaking ahead of the visit, Salmond said: "It is hugely important that, in an increasingly global economy, Scotland is able to engage with international economic giants such as China, identifying further opportunities for our innovative companies to export their expertise and high-quality products.
"I will also promote the excellent food and drink produce that China already adores … and I will deliver two keynote economic speeches, examining Scotland's place in the world and the challenges nations in the east and west face in building a sustainable and balanced economic recovery."