The 2012 Tour de France champion has been named as part of the road squad but has suggested in recent weeks he could also make a track return as he looks unlikely to be included in the Team Sky squad for Le Tour this summer.
Olympic champions Laura Trott, Joanna Rowsell, Dani King, Ed Clancy, Steven Burke, Jason Kenny and Philip Hindes are all also included in the squad with Lizzie Armitstead expected to lead the women's charge on the road.
Danni Khan, Jess Varnish and Vicky Williamson complete the women's track team with Hannah Barnes, Lucy Garner and Emma Pooley set to take to the roads.
Jon Dibben, Andy Tennant, Matt Crampton and Kian Emadi will take to the track for the men while Stephen Cummings, Alex Dowsett, Tom Moses, Ian Stannard and Scott Thwaites join Wiggins on the tarmac.
Para-sport cycling will be at the games for the first time in 2014 and two-time world champion Sophie Thornhill will represent England, piloted by Helen Scott.
Alice Barnes, Beth Crumpton and Annie Last make up the women's mountain biking contingent while David Fletcher and Paul Oldham will compete for the men to complete the 31-strong squad.
"This cycling team is undoubtedly the best we have ever seen selected for Team England," said Chef de Mission Jan Paterson.
"To have eight Olympic champions line up alongside previous Commonwealth Games medallists and some supremely talented younger athletes is genuinely exciting for us.
"Whether it's on the track, the road or at the mountain bike course, cycling fans are in for a treat when Team England are competing."
Technical director Shane Sutton added: "I believe we have selected a very strong team for this year's Commonwealth Games, and it's great that we have such a talented pool of English cyclists to select from.
"It's also promising to see some of our young academy riders, such as Danni Khan, also make selection for something as big as the Commonwealths.
"I speak on behalf of all the team when I say we can't wait for the racing to begin in Glasgow."
The opening ceremony for the Commonwealth Games will take place on July 23 with events commencing on the following day.