After being unveiled as the European captain at a press conference in Hong Kong, Miguel Angel Jimenez announced the first four automatic qualifiers for his 10-man team, with McDowell being joined by Wales' Jamie Donaldson, Frenchman Victor Dubuisson and Gonzalo Fernandez-Castano of Spain.
The quartet secured their places thanks to their final position in the 2013 Race to Dubai.
The remaining spots in the European side will be taken from the leading four available players from the Official World Golf Rankings on February 3, 2014, the playing captain and one captain's pick by Jimenez.
McDowell said: "If we gel as a team and get the pairings right then we will have a chance because there will be a lot of quality and experienced players in the European team and I am sure a few of them will be looking to sharpen their match play skills with an eye on the Ryder Cup next year."
Thailand's Thongchai Jaidee is captain of the Asian team.