Perhaps what is most remarkable about the 50-year-old's record is that he made a bogey on the final hole, with his tee-shot on the 18th finding the rough, costing him a chance of recording a 14-under-par 58.
He began the day at Endicott, New York by picking up shots at the first eight holes, the highlight of which was an eagle at the par-5 fifth to reach the turn in 28.
He birdied the 10th and 11th and then added another three from the 15th, and only needed a par on the last to complete a sensational 58.
It was not to be, but he settled for a 13-under-par round that featured 12 birdies to move to 14-under-par overall, three shots clear of his nearest challenger.
His form did not carry over into the final round and he was three over par after nine holes and four shots behind Germany's Bernard Langer entering the home straight.
While Sutherland's feat has not been achieved on the Champions Tour before now, six players have carded 59s on the PGA Tour.