Having a deficit is not a barrier to Scotland becoming an independent nation, according to First Minister Nicola Sturgeon. 

Government Expenditure and Revenue Scotland (Gers) figures released today showed Scotland's deficit more than doubled to 22.4% of GDP in 2020/21, the highest yearly figure since the Government's annual accounts began two decades ago.

Spending increased by 21% during the year, reflecting the impact of the pandemic, while average public spending per person also rose to £1,828 above the UK average.

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Despite the increase, the SNP leader insisted that a country having a deficit was not a barrier to independence. 

Speaking outside the Scottish Poetry Library, Nicola Sturgeon said: “Obviously every country has a deficit and deficits that have grown and become massive over the pandemic because rightly, governments have chosen to support the economy and to support individuals. 

“When we see spending increases in Scotland that’s a good thing because it shows that support has been there and is being provided to people and public services across the country.

“Having a deficit is not, self-evidently, a barrier to any country in the world being independent. Independent countries manage their deficits but also independent countries make the most of their talents, their resources and their attributes to build strong sustainable economies and that is, I think, the future that Scotland should grasp. 

“The fiscal position of Scotland now is a feature of how we are governed within the UK. It is not any indication of what life would be like in an independent Scotland, and there is no reason whatsoever that Scotland as an independent country wouldn’t have the same ability to succeed as countries across the world, many of whom have far fewer resources and attributes than Scotland does.“

Both the UK and Scottish deficits increased during the year, with the UK's up by 11.6 percentage points and Scotland's increasing 13.6 percentage points.

When asked how Scotland would manage their deficit in the event of independence, the First Minister said: “The way that every independent country manages their deficits, through appropriate approaches to public spending. In Scotland’s case, I think that should always completely reject any austerity approach, the careful and appropriate use of borrowing, which is how the UK Government is funding spending right now. 

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“Remember the UK Government in more than 60 out of the last 75 years has had a deficit and manages that deficit. Much of the pandemic spending the UK has rightly done d has been funded through borrowing. 

“These questions about how countries manage deficits are not theoretical abstract questions, you can find the answer to that by looking at almost any country across the world. 

Scotland's 22.4% deficit is more than double last year's and is the largest since the Gers figures began recording the data in 1998.

Total public expenditure in Scotland during 2020/21, covering both Scottish and UK government spending and the rest of the public sector, was £99.2 billion.

Finance Secretary Kate Forbes said: "These statistics clearly highlight the significant economic impact of the pandemic.


"Scotland's economy contracted by about 10% last year, which is in line with the performance of the UK economy.

"The pandemic has not only changed people's lives but it has fundamentally shifted our fiscal landscape, with countries and markets around the world reassessing what represents a viable deficit.

"The Gers figures reflect Scotland's position within the UK, under which 40% of spending and 70% of revenue income is reserved to the UK Government.

"The pandemic has clearly demonstrated the need for fiscal reform and that the Scottish Government's financial powers are insufficient to deal with the new economic reality."

Murdo Fraser, the Scottish Conservative shadow Covid recovery secretary, said the figures show the extent of the UK Government's support during the pandemic, such as the furlough scheme.

He said: "These new figures demonstrate the strength and security that we gain as part of the United Kingdom.

"In times of crisis, when a pandemic hits, Scottish jobs and public services are safer because we act together.

"The UK Government has delivered a war chest to fight Covid, back our NHS, and support Scotland's economic recovery."

Scottish Secretary Alister Jack said: "These figures show how all of us in Scotland have benefitted from being part of a strong United Kingdom.

"Public spending in Scotland reached nearly £100 billion as we tackled the pandemic and protected lives and livelihoods.

"Unprecedented UK Government support has allowed us to treat patients, vaccinate people, protect a third of our workforce through furlough and issue crucial loans to more than 90,000 Scottish businesses."