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Scottish orchestra to benefit from the French connection

The Scottish Chamber Orchestra is fussy when it comes to conductors.

NEW APPOINTMENT: SCO principal guest conductor Emmanuel Krivine feels that the culture of conducting has evolved in recent decades and is now more about music rather than machismo.
NEW APPOINTMENT: SCO principal guest conductor Emmanuel Krivine feels that the culture of conducting has evolved in recent decades and is now more about music rather than machismo.

It has to be: it is an ensemble which prides itself on playing like a big chamber group rather than a little orchestra, meaning that its sound and spirit run on some ineffable chemistry between every musician on stage.

The right conductor can really fuel that energy (witness its dynamism under current principal conductor Robin Ticciati); the wrong conductor can dampen it cold.

So recruitment is a serious business, and the recent announcement of a new principal guest conductor - the flamboyantly original Frenchman Emmanuel Krivine - is worth a moment's mulling over. Krivine follows in illustrious footsteps: the legendary Sir Charles Mackerras, no less, whose legacy will forever be etched into the SCO sound.

What will the Frenchman add to the mix? On paper his track record is solid if understated. A violinist before he became a conductor, he is former director of the Orchestra National de Lyon, current director of the Luxembourg Philharmonic, principal guest with the Barcelona Symphony and founding-director of the Parisian-based period instrument orchestra La Chambre Philharmonique. He has a reputation for vivid orchestral colour and left-field interpretations.

I met Krivine in Edinburgh while he was preparing to conduct Beethoven's Ninth Symphony with the SCO. He is an impeccably suave 67-year-old, navy cable-knit tied across his shoulders with that casual chic that only the French can muster.

I have been told that he does not speak much English and would like to do the interview in French; as it turns out his English is perfectly workable, but it is his extravagant turns of rhetoric - the outlandish metaphors and roaming, ­quasi-philosophical musings - that do not translate so easily.

We start by discussing why he enjoys working with the SCO. That is simple, he says: they play well; they have a familial ambience; they are very relaxed. "The quality of an orchestra is all about their attitude of listening," he says, "and the SCO are good listeners. And..." - he holds up a finger to emphasise the point - "they actually like music. You can't always say that. Even the grandest orchestras can become routine.

"The SCO hasn't become routine. They are very open-minded. They don't judge. That's very nice for me. I don't have to be a pedagogue. I can just play music with them."

This last point lies at the heart of Krivine's approach to conducting. In a profession historically steeped in hierarchy, Krivine is determinedly egalitarian.

"I think your English language gets it right," he explains. "The word conductor understands the role very well. In French the term is chef d'orchestre, which implies a social role rather than a functional one. In German it's Dirigent, which is too directive. But to conduct is less 'egotist'."

He also stresses the difference between a podium and pedestal: the first is functional, simply a tool to allow the conductor to be seen by the orchestra. "Mais un piédestal? That is altogether a more loaded notion."

Yet even Krivine cannot entirely avoid the social context of his profession. Later in the conversation he explains why he thinks the culture of conducting has evolved in recent decades.

It began with the rise of feminism in the 1960s, he says, when "the West's rampant machismo began to be regulated. The work ethos of going faster and stronger all the time began to change, and that had an influence on the mentality of conducting. It became more about the music, less about machismo."

He continues: "The conductor has no instrument - in a way he is castrated and that castration allows him to give birth to the music.

"In fact, he doesn't even give birth: the conductor is there to deliver the music that the orchestra has given birth to. The conductor is just the midwife. If you see the baton as phallic, the music can only come from authority. But conducting should have nothing to do with authority."

Did beginning his career as a violinist (and a very good one - he won the Premier Prix of the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 16) contribute to his determination to conduct without authority? "Pas vraiment," he replies with a wag of his finger. "If I said yes, that would imply that an organist couldn't do the job as well. Conducting comes down to listening."

In fact he originally wanted to be an organist, not a violinist, but jokes that he came from a Jewish family "who thought that if I played organ I'd convert to Catholicism because of all the churches".

He stopped playing violin in 1981 after a serious car accident, but had by then already begun conducting - an encounter with Karl Böhm in Salzburg in 1965 had shifted his focus towards the podium. "Hearing Böhm conduct Bruckner's Seventh Symphony, then I understood the miracle of the profession," he says.

Krivine describes the role of principal guest conductor as "un privilège énorme".

"A principal guest is a tourist who returns more often. Some tourists come to Edinburgh, look at the castle then go straight to McDonald's. That's not my way of doing it. I like regularity so I can go further and deeper each time I return."

But the position also allows him to keep a certain healthy distance, he says; to avoid getting mixed up in the private lives of the orchestra's musicians (he even suggests that his lack of fluent English sometimes comes in handy in this respect).

"The role makes it possible to devote ourselves fully to the thing that unites us: and that's to say the music."

Emmanuel Krivine is principal guest conductor of the Scottish Chamber Orchestra from autumn 2015 .

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