In what is believed to be the first initiative of its kind in the UK, a partnership with Glasgow Museums will see the duo loaned a bike and cycling kit, which will then become part of the city's collection after the Games this summer.
The project will also chart their training and preparations as they work towards selection to compete at the Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome in July.
The items are expected to go on display at the Riverside Museum later this autumn.
Ms McGlynn, 40, who has been visually impaired since birth, grew up in Glasgow and has competed at three Paralympic Games, while Ms Haston, 33, from Edinburgh, is an able-bodied pilot who has represented Britain in both World Cups and World Championships.
Track cycling is one of five para-sports to be fully integrated into the Glasgow 2014 programme.
Ms McGlynn said: "I'm incredibly excited about the prospect of competing in my home town this summer - it really is a dream come true.
"I know the support of the Scottish crowd will make an enormous difference to my performance and I'm delighted to have the support of Glasgow Museums in this groundbreaking project.
"It will be wonderful to share my journey to the Commonwealth Games and hopefully my success with the visitors at Riverside."