The man, from the east Highlands of Scotland, has been charged after police inquiries into reports of abuse at Fort Augustus Abbey in the Highlands.
A report has been submitted to the Crown Office and procurator fiscal.
Fort Augustus is one of two Catholic boarding schools in Scotland being investigated over allegations of abuse.
More than 20 people have come forward to say they were victims of abuse at Fort Augustus and Carlekemp, its feeder school in East Lothian, from the 1950s to the 1990s. Both schools are now closed.
One of Scotland's most senior Catholics, the Bishop of Aberdeen, Hugh Gilbert, apologised to former pupils during mass last month.
Leading experts and a child abuse victim praised his declaration that the allegations surrounding Fort Augustus Abbey in the Highlands had shamed the church.