A man and a woman have been charged under the Dangerous Dogs Act after the incident in Gartloch Road in Garthamlock, Glasgow, at about 5.10pm on Friday.
The girl is being treated at the city's Royal Hospital for Sick Children.
A Police Scotland spokesman said: "An eight-year-old has suffered serious facial injuries after being bitten by two dogs, believed to be American bulldogs.
"The dogs have been seized and one man aged 34 and one woman aged 33 have been charged with offences under the Dangerous Dogs Act. Inquiries are continuing."
The girl, named locally as Broagan McCuaig, was playing with friends when she was attacked by the dogs. Her condition is not thought to be life threatening.
Neighbour Helen Edgar said: "She is a lovely girl and popular with all the other children.
"She was just playing in the back court and having fun, just like any normal eight-year-old.
"We are all hoping and praying now that she pulls through."
Local MSP Paul Martin said: "My thoughts are with the family. We have to take robust action to deal with this, and we have to give the victim all the support we can.
"It always seems to be children who find themselves in this position."