Rodin's 1904 version of the iconic sculpture, which depicts two naked lovers entwined in a marble clinch, has been loaned to the National Galleries of Scotland by the Tate in London.
The Kiss will arrive for a year-long display at the Scottish National Gallery on February 2 next year.
Three full-scale marble versions of The Kiss were made in Rodin's lifetime, the first in 1898, and the sculptor also made smaller versions in plaster, terracotta and bronze.
Michael Clarke, director of the Scottish National Gallery, said: "We are delighted that Rodin's great hymn to love is coming to Scotland.
"Rodin was a wonderfully gifted sculptor – technically brilliant, with an astonishing ability to model the human form with sensuous realism. The Kiss is rightly acknowledged as one of the greatest artistic evocations of desire ever created."
The Kiss was intended by Rodin to depict two adulterous lovers from Dante's Divine Comedy, Paolo Malatesta and Francesca da Rimini.
Rodin himself considered the work to be overly traditional, calling The Kiss "a large sculpted knick-knack following the usual formula."
The galleries are also to undergo a revamp next year.
At the beginning of February work will begin on the renovation of the gallery's cupolas or glass roofing.
The £1 million project, funded by the Scottish Government, will replace all of the existing single-glazed roof lights in the main gallery with double-glazed panels, reducing running costs.