Scots from all walks of life have been included in the 2014 list, with fields such as medicine, academia, the arts, the military and voluntary services represented.
Edinburgh Fringe boss Kath Mainland, jam entrepreneur Fraser Doherty and prominent historian Tom Devine are among those whose achievements are recognised this year.
Professor Devine, director of the Scottish Centre for Diaspora Studies at the University of Edinburgh, is one of two men to be knighted.
Last month it was reported that the 68-year-old is to retire after a career spanning more than four decades.
Also to be knighted is Ewan Brown, chairman of Scottish Financial Enterprise and a senior governor at the University of St Andrews. He is being honoured for services to business, public life and philanthropy.
Ms Mainland took over as chief executive of the Edinburgh Fringe Festival Society in 2009. Under her leadership the Fringe has continued to grow in size and earlier this month the festival unveiled its biggest-ever programme with more than 3,000 shows. She collects a CBE for her services to culture in Scotland.
Also collecting a CBE is David Gow, inventor of the revolutionary i-limb bionic hand.
Entertainer John Barrowman said he was thrilled by his award of an MBE and declared: "I'm going to enjoy it for the rest of my life."
The Torchwood star, who has also hosted a number of TV shows and enjoyed a successful West End career, has been honoured for his services to entertainment as well as his contribution to charity.
The 47-year-old said: "It's one of the proudest things, thus far, that has ever happened to me. I never expected to get an honour like this. You hear about other people getting them but never expect it yourself."
He went on: "I was signing autographs on a Saturday about two months ago and my manager Gavin just went 'oh my God'. I thought maybe something was wrong and he said 'you're getting an honour'. I just stood up and thought 'how can this be, what have I done?'."
Speaking from Sydney Australia, where he is promoting his drama series Arrow, he said he would be having a small celebration now he could go public with the honour after admitting "it was the hardest thing to keep quiet - I just had to keep my mouth shut".
"I'm going to crack open a bottle of champagne with the people who are out in Sydney with me," Barrowman said.
"I am completely honoured by it, I'm proud to be a British subject, to be part of Great Britain, to be honoured by the Queen and for it to be run through by the Government. I am absolutely thrilled and had no hesitation at all in accepting."
Glasgow-born Barrowman moved with his family to the US as a child and he went on to study musical theatre at university in San Diego.
He has been a prominent figure in West End shows for many years, appearing in productions such as Miss Saigon, The Phantom Of The Opera, Sunset Boulevard and Anything Goes.
He came to many people's attentions as a presenter of Saturday morning children's show Live And Kicking in 1993 and he has continued to have a strong presence on screen.
Viewers have seen him as a judge in BBC stage talent hunts How Do You Solve A Problem Like Maria?, Any Dream Will Do and I'd Do Anything and he has been a contestant on both Dancing On Ice and a Christmas special of Strictly Come Dancing.
Barrowman proved popular as Captain Jack Harkness in Doctor Who, to the extent that he later became the star of spin-off Torchwood, and he has had roles in US series Desperate Housewives and as a villain in hit show Arrow.
In recent months he has been seen in Channel 4 series Superstar Dogs and John Barrowman's Pet Hospital,as well as BBC1 game show Pressure Pad.
In addition he has toured a series of albums, published two volumes of autobiography and with his sister he has written a series of novels for teenagers.
Barrowman has worked extensively on fundraising for a number of charities over the years dealing with cancer, HIV, Down's Syndrome and animal groups.
He said he will be accompanied by his husband Scott Gill and his parents when he makes his trip to Buckingham Palace.
And the Scottish star said he is not in favour of independence, in anticipation of September's referendum.
"I think we should remain part of the United Kingdom and that's all I really want to say about it," he added.
Alistair Buchan, chief executive of Orkney Islands Council, and Alistair Dodds, chief executive of Highland Council, receive CBEs for services to local government.
Dr Francis Dunn, president of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, and Colonel Robert Jefferies of the Royal Regiment of Scotland are similarly honoured.
A total of 22 people are recipients of OBEs.
Among them is Kathleen Donegan, governer-in-charge of Cornton Vale Prison in Stirling, Scotland's main jail for women offenders. Mrs Donegan is recognised for her services to the criminal justice system.
Also receiving an OBE is Trishna Devi Pall Singh, director of Edinburgh's Sikh Sanjog, which operates the popular social enterprise cafe Punjabi Junction. She is honoured for her services to the community.
Edinburgh entrepreneur Fraser Doherty picks up an MBE for his services to the business world.
The 24-year-old hit the headlines a decade ago when, at the age of 14, he turned a love for his grandmother's jam into a thriving business.
The SuperJam founder developed a method of producing jam 100% from fruit. His enterprise grew over the years to the stage where he now supplies major supermarkets around the world.
Other MBE recipients include Suzann Barr, who is recognised for services to vulnerable children in the Highlands.
Jan Brown and Stephen Bunyan are similarly awarded for their voluntary service in Argyll and East Lothian respectively.
This year's list also honours two senior figures from Police Scotland.
Chief superintendent Andrew Bates and Derek Penman, assistant chief constable for local policing north, are both recipients of the Queen's Police Medal.