In what was possibly the most eagerly awaited event of the Commonwealth Games, the Perth-born 27-year-old put in a strong performance, but was beaten in a dramatic final by Jamaican Kaliese Spencer.
Despite hopes being high in the build-up to the race that Child would go one better than her silver four years ago in Delhi, she received a rapturous reception after finishing with a time of 55.02 seconds, and completed a lap of honour draped in a Saltire.
Child, who as one of the most marketable figures of the Games had faced intense pressure to perform, embraced her family in the crowd before a 45,000-strong crowd burst into a singalong of The Proclaimers' hit I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles) - written by the Hibs-supporting Reid brothers.
Following her lap of honour, Child said: "It's not my favourite song but I think I'll grow fond of it now."
The Hearts season ticket holder kept the football references going, celebrating by mocking her team's great rivals, making a 5-1 sign with her hands in reference to the result against Hibs in the 2012 Scottish Cup final.
She added: "I think the first emotion is relief. It's been a nervous couple of days. I just wanted to execute the race well and I felt I left everything on the track. I'm so delighted to come away with a medal.
"In every corner of the stadium I had a family member or friend. To share this with them, I'm so delighted."
Earlier in the day, gymnast Daniel Keatings won Scotland's 14th gold of the Games on the pommel horse. Keatings had almost walked away from his gymnastics career after missing out on the London Olympics two years ago through injury.
But after his success earlier in the week, when he took two silvers, Keatings, who broke his back at his Commonwealth Games debut in Melbourne in 2006, said previous disappointments had made him stronger.
His mental as well as physical strength was there for all to see yesterday, when he upset the odds to take the top spot.
The 24-year-old produced a faultless display to achieve a score of 16.058, seeing off the challenge of English competitors Max Whitlock and Louis Smith, who took silver and bronze respectively.
From Corby in Northamptonshire, Keatings is eligible to represent Scotland through his father, Robert. Corby has been dubbed "Little Scotland" due to its links with the north.
In the 1930s, scores of Scottish migrants headed to the town to work in a newly constructed steelworks.
By the 1960s one-third of the town's population was Scottish-born, and it retains a unique identity to this day, even holding an annual Highland Gathering.
Following his latest success, Beth Tweddle, an Olympic bronze medallist and the UK's most successful gymnast, said: "It feels right that, in front of a home crowd, Dan Keatings produces that. It's a massive achievement for Dan because this wasn't just any old final - this was the one they all wanted."
Daniel Purvis, who had already won two silver medals in gymnastics, added a bronze to his tally yesterday, finishing behind two Canadians in the men's rings final.
Meanwhile, in a day of further success for Team Scotland, Alex Gladkov praised his adopted home town crowd after winning bronze in the 65kg category.
Born in Ukraine, Gladkov grew up in Germany before moving to Glasgow eight years ago, after his father was asked to coach the national wrestling team. In the run-up to the Games he spoke of his concern for his grandfather, who remains in Ukraine due to the turmoil in the country.
Following his success yesterday, after he overcame a knee injury to beat Sri Lanka's Chamara Perera 22-16, Gladkov said: "It was one of the hardest fights I've ever had and to win is just amazing.
"I'm exhausted but the crowd really helped. If it wasn't for their support I probably wouldn't have won."
On the athletics track at Hampden, Blessing Okagbare took gold in the 200m women's final.
It meant the Nigerian completed a memorable sprint double, having won the 100m four days ago.
This morning Scotland remain fourth in the medals table, with 43 in total. England are the leaders, followed by Australia and Canada.