Abroad, the Kremlin champions doubt. At home, certainty. 

So Monday's evening news on Russian state TV gave voice to those in the West who question this weekend's air strikes against Syria. And so also it declared that the chemical weapons attack which provoked America, Britain and France to action had not taken place at all. 

Vremya, Channel One's nightly bulletin of patriotic polemic and propaganda which somehow survived the collapse of the Soviet Union, tonight paraded western critics of actions in Syria. It showed  Stop the War protestors in the streets of London, Jeremy Corbyn inside Westminster, French far-right nationalist Marine Le Pen in a Paris TV studio and even Pink Floyd's Roger Waters, who was cheered as he told a gig in Barcelona that the Syrian first responders, the White Helmets, were part of a war propaganda effort.

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The rock star's words would have been music to the ears of Vladimir Putin and his Syrian ally, Bashar al-Assad. Why? Because a key objective of Russian propaganda is to cast doubt on the White Helmets internationally.


Vremya interviews British protestor

At home Vremya has no time for doubts. Its anchor, Kirill Kleimyonov is never unsure. "There was no attack from Assad, " he declared, drilling home his point with a trademark turn to a second camera. "There was a cheap and amateur dramatisation."

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Mr Kleimyonov is telling Russians - and Vremya has a huge audience - that the chemical attack in Douma was a fake. So too were the Salisbury poisonings of former double agent Sergei Scripal and his daughter Yulia. And the host has an answer too for questions from some Western critics about why Donald Trump, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron acted so quickly. Because they wanted to destroy evidence of the fake.


Kirill Kleimyonov

The heads of state already knew what the experts would say,' Mr Kleimyonov said, referring to weapons inspectors on their way to Douma. "And after that they would not be able to strike."

But always Vremya has good news. What Mr Kleimyonov refers to as 'aggressor countries' did not get away with their attempts to wipe away the evidence. Why? Russian technology. Syria's air defences, mostly using Soviet or Russian weapons, shot down most of the cruise and air-to-ground missiles fired at Syria. This, of course, does not tally with Western accounts suggesting the Syrians did not hit any missile. But there was only certainly for Vremya. 


A Panzir-S1 or SA-22 Greyhound mobile ground-to-air missile defence system sold by Russia to Syria, as shown on Vremya

The news from Syria did not top the bill on Russian TV news. That honour went to a new 'super-modern, high-tech' airport build in Simferopol, the capital of the Crimean peninsula invaded and annexed by Russia in 2014. 

A breathless report desribed the new terminal - its wave design opened just in time for the summer holiday season in Crimea - and all its Russian technology. Robots greeted passengers arriving and departing from the structure and boasting of a five storey high living wall of plants and greenery. 


Simferopol's new terminal