Holyrood Presiding Officer Alison Johnstone has confirmed rules to clamp down on public gallery protests – including six-month bans for those who interrupt proceedings.

First Minister’s Questions and other key meetings of the Scottish Parliament have been marred by protests in the public gallery, namely from climate activists.

Ms Johnstone had announced tighter rules would be introduced to halt the protests taking place.

In a letter to MSPs, the Presiding Officer has unveiled rules to “protect the integrity of chamber business”.

Read more: Mobile phones to be banned from Holyrood's public gallery

The new arrangements “will come into force immediately”, Ms Johnstone added.

Anyone booking tickets for First Minister’s Questions will now need to provide their name and postal address while group bookings will need the details of everyone in the party to be handed over. Currently, only a lead name is required.

Every person picking up their ticket for FMQs will need to show identification that confirms their name, while all mobile electronic devices will be stored in a secure locker prior to entry to FMQs after many of the protests were filmed by others in the public gallery.

Ms Johnstone said that “anyone wilfully disrupting business will face a six-month exclusion from the gallery”.

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But she added that “school groups booked through MSPs, education or visitor services will, however, be exempt from these requirements”.

The Presiding Officer added: “It is deeply regrettable that the Parliament has had to take this action.

“Over the past 25 years, we have prided ourselves on our openness to the public and the ease with which visitors have access to parliamentary business.

“However, a small, but persistent number of protesters have brought us to the point where increased measures must be introduced.

“I will review the effectiveness of the new arrangements with the SPCB after next week’s FMQs and, if necessary, consider the implementation of further measures to continue to protect parliamentary business from disruption.”