Former president Donald Trump has surrendered to authorities in Georgia on charges that he illegally schemed to overturn the 2020 election inthe state. 

Trump is facing a barrage of legal cases since leaving office after the 2020 election, which he lost to Joe Biden.  

Here’s a look at some of the other top probes against Mr Trump as he campaigns for the 2024 Republican nomination: 


 – George election interference case:  

The probe by Fulton County district attorney Fani Willis began shortly after the release of a recording of a January 2, 2021 phone call between Mr Trump and Georgia secretary of state Brad Raffensperger in which the then-president suggested that Mr Raffensperger could “find 11,780 votes” — just enough to overtake Joe Biden. 

 Mr Trump, a Republican, has described his phone call to Mr Raffensperger as “perfect” and has portrayed the prosecution by the Democratic district attorney as politically motivated. 

The Herald: Trump is the first former president to have a police mugshot

Donald Trump's mugshot 

– Classified documents case: 

 Special counsel Jack Smith has been leading two federal probes related to Mr Trump, both of which have resulted in charges against the former president. 

 The first charges to result from those investigations came in June when Mr Trump was indicted on charges he mishandled top secret documents at his Florida estate. The indictment alleged that Mr Trump repeatedly enlisted aides and lawyers to help him hide records demanded by investigators and cavalierly showed off a Pentagon “plan of attack” and classified map. 

 A superseding indictment issued in July added charges accusing Mr Trump of asking for surveillance footage at his Mar-a-Lago estate to be deleted after FBI and Justice Department investigators visited in June 2022 to collect classified documents he took with him after leaving the White House. The new indictment also charged him with illegally holding onto a document he is alleged to have shown off to visitors in New Jersey. 

In all, Mr Trump faces 40 felonies in the classified documents case. The most serious charge carries a penalty of up to 20 years in prison. 

Walt Nauta, a valet for Mr Trump, and Carlos De Oliveira, the property manager at Mr Trump’s Florida estate, have been charged in the case with scheming to conceal surveillance footage from federal investigators and lying about it. 


Mr Trump and Mr Nauta have pleaded not guilty. Mr De Oliveira is scheduled to be arraigned on Tuesday. 

US District judge Aileen Cannon set a trial date of May 20, 2024. If that date holds, it will mean a possible trial will not start until deep into the presidential nominating calendar and probably well after the Republican nominee is clear — though before that person is officially nominated at the Republican National Convention.  

The Herald:

Jack Smith

– Election interference: 

Mr Smith’s second case against Mr Trump was unveiled in August when the former president was indicted on felony charges for working to overturn the results of the 2020 election in the run-up to the violent riot by his supporters at the US Capitol. 

The four-count indictment includes charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States government and conspiracy to obstruct an official proceeding: the congressional certification of Mr Biden’s victory.

It describes how Mr Trump repeatedly told supporters and others that he had won the election, despite knowing that was false, and how he tried to persuade state officials, then-vice president Mike Pence and finally Congress to overturn the legitimate results. 

After weeks of lies about the election results, prosecutors allege that Mr Trump sought to exploit the violence at the Capitol by pointing to it as a reason to further delay the counting of votes that sealed his defeat. 

In their charging documents, prosecutors referenced a half-dozen unindicted co-conspirators, including lawyers inside and outside of government who they said had worked with Mr Trump to undo the election results and advanced legally dubious schemes to enlist slates of fake electors in battleground states won by Mr Biden. 

The Trump campaign called the charges “fake” and asked why it took two-and-a-half years to bring them. 

 The Herald: Donald Trump

– Hush money scheme: 

Mr Trump became the first former US president in history to face criminal charges when he was indicted in New York in March on state charges stemming from hush money payments made during the 2016 presidential campaign to bury allegations of extramarital sexual encounters.

He pleaded not guilty to 34 felony counts of falsifying business records. Each count is punishable by up to four years in prison, though it is not clear if a judge would impose any prison time if Mr Trump were convicted. 

The counts are linked to a series of cheques that were written to his lawyer Michael Cohen to reimburse him for his role in paying off porn actor Stormy Daniels, who alleged a sexual encounter with Mr Trump in 2006, not long after Melania Trump gave birth to their son, Barron. Those payments were recorded in various internal company documents as being for a legal retainer that prosecutors say did not exist.

The former president is next set to appear in state court on December 4, two months before Republicans begin their nominating process in earnest. 


– New York civil cases: 

New York attorney general Letitia James has sued Mr Trump and the Trump Organisation, alleging they misled banks and tax authorities about the value of assets including golf courses and skyscrapers to get loans and tax benefits.

That lawsuit could lead to civil penalties against the company if Ms James, a Democrat, prevails. She is seeking a fine of 250 million dollars and a ban on Mr Trump doing business in New York. Manhattan prosecutors investigated the same alleged conduct but did not pursue criminal charges. 

A civil trial is scheduled in state court for October. 

In a separate civil case in federal court in New York, Mr Trump was found liable in May of sexually abusing and defaming former magazine columnist E Jean Carroll in the mid-1990s. The jury rejected Ms Carroll’s claim that Mr Trump had raped her in a dressing room. 

Mr Trump was ordered to pay five million dollars to Ms Carroll. He has appealed and has adamantly denied her accusations. In July, a federal judge upheld the jury’s verdict against Mr Trump, rejecting the former president’s claims that the award was excessive.